Difference between revisions of "Erlang"

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Erlang on Raspberry Pi, starting with a fresh Raspbian image (even Lite will do). Erlang takes about 40 minutes or more to compile (when you run "make"). <p>
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Erlang on Raspberry Pi, starting with a fresh Raspberry Pi OS image (even Lite will do). Erlang takes about 40 minutes or more to compile (when you run "make"). <p>
  
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
Line 6: Line 6:
 
sudo apt-get install libssl-dev
 
sudo apt-get install libssl-dev
 
sudo apt-get install ncurses-dev
 
sudo apt-get install ncurses-dev
wget http://www.erlang.org/download/otp_src_24.0.tar.gz
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wget http://www.erlang.org/download/otp_src_24.1.tar.gz
tar -xzvf otp_src_24.0.tar.gz
+
tar -xzvf otp_src_24.1.tar.gz
cd otp_src_24.0/
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cd otp_src_24.1/
 
./configure
 
./configure
 
make
 
make
 
sudo make install
 
sudo make install
 
cd ..
 
cd ..
rm otp_src_24.0.tar.gz
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rm otp_src_24.1.tar.gz
sudo rm -R otp_src_24.0/
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sudo rm -R otp_src_24.1/
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
You start the interactive shell with erl and quit with Ctrl-g q. Read about Erlang at [http://learnyousomeerlang.com] and [http://spawnedshelter.com] and [http://ferd.ca/the-zen-of-erlang.html] There are also lots of languages running on top of the Erlang virtual machine. Elixir and ffe [https://github.com/tonyrog/ffe] are two examples.  
+
You start the interactive shell with erl and quit with Ctrl-g q. Read about Erlang at [http://learnyousomeerlang.com] and [http://spawnedshelter.com] and [http://ferd.ca/the-zen-of-erlang.html] There are also lots of languages running on top of the Erlang virtual machine [https://github.com/llaisdy/beam_languages].
  
 
=== Graphics ===
 
=== Graphics ===

Latest revision as of 00:47, 3 October 2021

Erlang on Raspberry Pi, starting with a fresh Raspberry Pi OS image (even Lite will do). Erlang takes about 40 minutes or more to compile (when you run "make").

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install wget
sudo apt-get install libssl-dev
sudo apt-get install ncurses-dev
wget http://www.erlang.org/download/otp_src_24.1.tar.gz
tar -xzvf otp_src_24.1.tar.gz
cd otp_src_24.1/
./configure
make
sudo make install
cd ..
rm otp_src_24.1.tar.gz
sudo rm -R otp_src_24.1/

You start the interactive shell with erl and quit with Ctrl-g q. Read about Erlang at [1] and [2] and [3] There are also lots of languages running on top of the Erlang virtual machine [4].

Graphics

Ex11_graphics

There is a very nice graphics library written in Erlang. It makes a perfect match if your application is written in Erlang and you are using a small screen where you don't want a window manager. The screen in the image is an Adafruit 5" Touchscreen 800x480. Erlang ex11 is writing directly to the screen (X11 server or Mir). Experience soft realtime graphics. Get it here [5]

To help create new widgets there is a small program included in ex11 to convert DXF-files to erlang ex11 drawing primitives. Download or draw your own graphics in a CAD system and save as DXF. Convert the DXF file with dxf2erl:start("filename.dxf"). from the erlang console.

The DXF file can be created in LibreCAD [6], QCAD [7], FreeCAD [8], OpenSCAD [9] and other CAD systems. Entities with higher thickness will be drawn last. Closed polylines will be filled areas in ex11.

Ports

Erlang is using ports to communicate with all the different hardware that you are connecting to your Raspberry Pi. In the image to the right I am using an ex11 line graph widget to show the load on my mains meter in the basement. The Erlang Port I'm using is programmable in the language Forth, read more about it here. The fact that it is programmable makes it possible to read multiple sensors and command multiple actuators simultaneously and it is even possible to programmatically re-program the port from a running Erlang application. It is also very handy to debug because you can start the port standalone and issue commands to it in its own console window.

Sockets

You can also use TCP sockets to communicate with devices. A nice socket server is the pigpio daemon http://abyz.me.uk/rpi/pigpio/ . Easy to integrate in your Erlang application. More about this at https://github.com/skvamme/pigpio

-module(pigpio).
-author(skvamme).
-export([start/0,init/0,loop/1]).
-define(PIGPIO_IP,"192.168.0.20").
-define(PIGPIO_PORT,8888).
-define(UINT,32/little).

start() -> Pid = spawn_link(?MODULE,init,[]), {ok,Pid}.

init() ->
        io:format("New process: ~p~n", [?MODULE]),
        inets:start(),
        {ok,Socket} = gen_tcp:connect(?PIGPIO_IP, ?PIGPIO_PORT, [binary,{packet, 0}]),
        ok = gen_tcp:send(Socket,c(setmode,25,0)),
        ok = gen_tcp:send(Socket,c(getmode,25)),
        %callback:make(self(),33554432), % Start a callback to monitor pin 25 on a dedicated socket
        %timer:send_interval(10*1000, {timer}),
        loop(Socket).

loop(Socket) ->
        receive
                % {timer} -> ok = gen_tcp:send(Socket,c(br1)),
                %         ?MODULE:loop(Socket);
                {tcp,Socket,Data} ->
                        parse(Socket,Data),
                        ?MODULE:loop(Socket);
                {kwh,Sec} when Sec > 0 -> 
                        W = 3600000000 div Sec,
                        io:format("W: ~p~n",[W]),
                        ?MODULE:loop(Socket);
                Any -> io:format("~p got unknown msg: ~p~n",[?MODULE, Any]),
                        ?MODULE:loop(Socket)
        end.

%******************************************************************************
% pigpio response
%******************************************************************************
parse(_Socket,<<>>) -> ok;
parse(Socket,<<0:?UINT,P1:?UINT,P2:?UINT,0:?UINT,Rest/binary>>) ->
         io:format("setmode pin ~p mode ~p~n",[P1,P2]),
         parse(Socket,Rest);
parse(Socket,<<1:?UINT,P1:?UINT,_P2:?UINT,P3:?UINT,Rest/binary>>) ->
         io:format("getmode pin ~p mode ~p~n",[P1,P3]),
         parse(Socket,Rest);
parse(Socket,<<2:?UINT,P1:?UINT,P2:?UINT,0:?UINT,Rest/binary>>) ->
         io:format("setpullupdown pin ~p pud ~p~n",[P1,P2]),
         parse(Socket,Rest);
parse(Socket,<<3:?UINT,_P1:?UINT,_P2:?UINT,P3:?UINT,Rest/binary>>) ->
         io:format("read ~p~n",[P3]),
         parse(Socket,Rest);
parse(Socket,<<4:?UINT,P1:?UINT,P2:?UINT,0:?UINT,Rest/binary>>) ->
         io:format("write pin ~p level ~p~n",[P1,P2]),
         parse(Socket,Rest);
parse(Socket,<<10:?UINT,_P1:?UINT,_P2:?UINT,P3:?UINT,Rest/binary>>) ->
         io:format("readbits 0-31 ~.2B~n",[P3]),
         parse(Socket,Rest);
parse(Socket,<<17:?UINT,_P1:?UINT,_P2:?UINT,P3:?UINT,Rest/binary>>) ->
         io:format("hver ~p~n",[P3]),
         parse(Socket,Rest);
parse(_Socket,Response) -> io:format("Error: ~w~n",[Response]).

%******************************************************************************
% pigpio commands
%******************************************************************************
%c(hver) -> <<17:?UINT,0:?UINT,0:?UINT,0:?UINT>>;
%c(br1) -> <<10:?UINT,0:?UINT,0:?UINT,0:?UINT>>;
c(read,Gpio) -> <<3:?UINT,Gpio:?UINT,0:?UINT,0:?UINT>>;
c(getmode,Gpio) -> <<1:?UINT,Gpio:?UINT,0:?UINT,0:?UINT>>.
c(setmode,Gpio,Mode) -> <<0:?UINT,Gpio:?UINT,Mode:?UINT,0:?UINT>>; % Input = 0, Output = 1
c(write,Gpio,Level) -> <<4:?UINT,Gpio:?UINT,Level:?UINT,0:?UINT>>;
c(setpullupdown,Gpio,Pud) -> <<2:?UINT,Gpio:?UINT,Pud:?UINT,0:?UINT>>. % Off = 0, Down = 1, Up = 2